What causes backaches?
Back pain can range from a muscle aching to a shooting, burning or stabbing sensation. In addition, the pain may radiate down your leg or worsen with bending, twisting, lifting, standing or walking. It can be a huge hinderance to your lifestyle and work.
1. Muscle Strains and Sprains
Injuries to any muscles or ligaments that is suppose to support your spine will cause back pains. Muscle strains and sprains commonly occur due to improper method of lifting heavy objects or poor sitting or sleeping posture.
Osteoporosis is a condition that makes your bones brittle and porous. Compression fractures can occur when too much pressure is placed on the weakened vertebra. The thinned bone causes by osteoporosis may even break with simple everyday activity. In severe cases, the vertebral bone can completely collapses. Overtime, multiple fractures caused by osteoporosis can eventually cause a severely rounded back and cause lower back pain.
3. Disc Degeneration
While the term disc degeneration may sound frightening, it just implies you have a damaged disc that is giving you discomfort. Our discs naturally begin to wear away and shrink as we age. In some cases, they may entirely collapse, causing the facet joints to rub against one other, resulting in pain and stiffness.
This wear and tear on the facet joints syndrome is also commonly known as Osteoarthritis. The pain commonly gets worse with movement.
4. Abnormal shape of the spine
Some conditions make your spine to develop abnormal shapes like kyphosis (Increased forward bending of the spine), scoliosis (side bending of the spine) and excessive lordosis (excessive inward curve of the lumbar spine).
5. Posture related
Some daily activities and poor posture can cause back pain. These include awkward bending movements involving the spine, forward bending and lifting heavy weights, standing or sitting for a longer time, improper sleeping postures, improper sitting posture while driving or using a computer.